Yvon Neptune Ill, But Refuses to Leave Haiti Without Justice
Human Rights Group Denounces Unconstitutional Plan
to Send an Unconscious Neptune Into Exile
Political prisoner Yvon Neptune, seriously ill and on day 16 of a hunger strike, remains incarcerated in Haiti despite persistent reports in the Haitian and international press that he has been flown out of the country. Mr. Neptune, Haiti's last constitutional Prime Minister, has insisted for months that he will not leave the prison until the Interim Haitian Government either tries him for the allegations against him or drops the charges. The interim government is seeking to defuse criticism of its political prisoner policies by forcing Mr. Neptune to leave the country without going to court. The Group for the Defense of the Rights of Political Prisoners (GDP), a Haitian human rights organization, reports that the government plans to wait until Mr. Neptune loses consciousness, then transport him out of the country.
On Saturday, April 30 and Sunday, May 1, several media outlets, including the Associated Press, ABC News and Radio Kiskeya in Haiti reported that Mr. Neptune was about to leave or had already left. Those reports, based on sources within the Haitian government and a foreign embassy, were not true. As of 2 PM Monday, May 2 (Haiti time), Mr. Neptune remains in prison.
Yvon Neptune has been in prison since June 2004, when he turned himself into police after hearing a radio announcement of a warrant for his arrest. He has never been brought before the judge in his case, despite a constitutional requirement of a hearing within 48 hours. Mr. Neptune has received several death threats, and at least three assassination plots have been reported against him.
Human rights groups, including the GDP and Amnesty International, world leaders like UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, and religious leaders like Bishop Thomas Gumbleton and Rev. Gerard Jean-Juste have called for Mr. Neptune's release or trial. On April 19, a team of lawyers from the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, the Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti and the Hastings Human Rights Project for Haiti filed a complaint before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on Neptune's behalf (see http://www.ijdh.org/articles/article_recent_news_april-4-19-05.htm).
For months, Mr. Neptune has insisted that he will not leave until the government brings his case to trial or admits that the charges were without foundation. In February, he even voluntarily returned to the prison after he was removed at gunpoint during a prison break. Over the weekend, his family members reiterated that he refuses to leave Haiti without seeing justice done.
Haiti's interim government attempted to deflect the growing international pressure for Neptune's release by offering to fly him to the Dominican Republic over the weekend for treatment. Neptune, refused, once again insisting on justice, not an easy escape for either himself or the interim government.
According to Ronald Saint-Jean, the Secretary-General of the Group for the Defense of the Rights of Political Prisoners (GDP), government sources indicate that the authorities plan to wait until Mr. Neptune loses consciousness, then transport him out of the country. Mr. Saint-Jean, and GPD's lawyer, Mario Joseph of the Bureau des Avocats Internationaux, "energetically protest against this cynical and criminal measure." They note the irony that the government can quickly arrange transport to a hospital in the Dominican Republic, but could not transport Mr. Neptune before a judge in over 10 months.
Saint-Jean and Joseph note that Neptune's forced exile would be yet another violation of his constitutional rights, as Article 41 states clearly that "no Haitian National can be deported or forced to leave the national territory for any reason whatsoever."
For more information:
Groupe de Defense des Droits Des Prisonniers Politiques
Secretary-General: 509-244-1254, 509-588-7550 (Haiti)
Bureau des Avocats Internationaux
Managing Lawyer: 509-554-4284, 509-221-8686 (Haiti)
Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti
Brian Concannon Jr., Director: 541-432-0597 (USA)
Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network, Marguerite Laurent (spoke with Neptune family members over the weekend), www.margueritelaurent.com
Posted Dec. 7, 2021